What is Technology- Positive and Negative impacts

What is Technology? Meaning, uses and advantages, disadvantages of technology

Technology has grown rapidly and is still growing, it has made our life comfortable. It’s a boom for today’s world: mobile and the Internet. We cannot even imagine without mobile. In the earlier days we used to use letters and telegrams for communication, but now within just a few seconds we can have a conversation with anyone, anywhere. And this has become possible because of technology. So what exactly is the meaning of this technology?

What is Technology? 

We talk about it a lot and hear about it a lot, but the answer is easy and surprisingly difficult.

What is Technology? What comes to mind when you think of the word ‘technology’? It’s a science fiction show, or something that runs on electricity. Technology makes us think about the very complex, but energy doesn’t have to be complicated. 

Technology usually involves a specific piece of equipment, but the device can be incredibly simple or dazzlingly complex. This could be anything from the search wheel, all the way up to computers and mp3 players. 

Understanding how people shape technology and how technology shapes the interactions of people with each other and the natural world is important not only to those who research, develop, and implement new technologies, But also for all people and organizations who have to use those technologies in their work and personal lives.

Technology is not a neutral term. Different people have been giving it different meanings depending on their point of view and context. 

Technology begins with understanding how to creatively implement tasks involving people and machines that accomplish sustainable goals.

Technology is about taking action to satisfy a human need, rather than simply understanding the workings of the natural world, which is the goal of science. The invention of the microscope was inspired by the need to explore the small worlds, beyond our unaided vision. This technological solution to a long standing problem has enabled us to understand more of the workings of the world which has led to the development of more technologies. 

It uses much more than scientific knowledge and includes facts as well as values, involving theoretical knowledge as much as practical knowledge. 

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What is meant by technology? 

Technology is the collection of techniques, skills, methods and processes used in the production of goods or services or the use in the fulfillment of purposes, such as scientific investigation. Technology is the application of scientific knowledge to the practical purposes of human life or, as it is sometimes expressed, to the transformation and manipulation of the human environment. 

What is Information Technology?
 How does it work?
What is Technology? 

Technology Kya Hai “The application of knowledge to the practical purpose of human life or to alter and manipulate the human environment. Technology involves the use of materials, tools, technology, and sources of power to make life easier or more enjoyable and to work more productively. Whereas science is concerned with how and why things happen, technology is focused on making things.

What is the history of technology? 

History of Technology 

The history of technology is the history of the invention of tools and techniques and is similar to other aspects of history. The word comes from the Greek word techni which means arts and crafts. It was first used to describe the arts, but is now used to describe progress and changes around us. It begins with the beginning of life on Earth, and continues until the establishment of early modern technologies, such as computers and nuclear power.

The era of technology started when the wheel was invented which is one of the most important technology and after that, more and more things were invented. The use of the word “technology” has changed significantly over the past 200 years. 

Prior to the 20th century, the term was uncommon in English, and was used either to describe useful arts or to combine study or technical education, as at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (chartered in 1861). had gone.

The meaning of the term changed in the early 20th century when American social scientists, beginning with Thorsten Veblen, translated ideas from the German concept of technic into “technology”. 

Scientists and engineers generally like to define technology as the applied science, rather than the things people make and use.

Ursula Franklin gave another definition of the concept in her 1989 lecture “The Real World of Technology”; “It’s practice, the way we do things around here.

The term is often used to refer to a specific area of ​​technology, or to refer to high technology or only consumer electronics rather than technology as a whole. Technology can be broadly defined as, both material and non-material, created by the application of mental and physical effort, to achieve something of value.

Tools and machines do not need to be physical; Virtual technology, such as computer software and business methods, falls under this definition of technology.

W. Brian Arthur defines technology as broadly as “a means of fulfilling a human purpose.” 

The term “technology” can be used to refer to a collection of techniques. It includes technical methods, skills, processes, techniques, equipment and raw materials.

Gradually different things were invented but the main era of technology and invention came in 18th century when industrial revolution started and machines were invented and development and production of different types started. 

By the mid-18th century Britain was the world’s leading commercial nation, controlling a global trading empire with colonies in North America and Africa, and exerting some political influence on it. Growth of trade and rise of trade were the main causes of industrial revolution. 

New knowledge has enabled people to create new things, and conversely, many scientific endeavors have been made possible by technologies that help humans travel to places they previously could not, and scientific instruments. Through this we study nature in greater detail than our natural senses.

If we see in the middle of 20th century, there was no internet access and it was difficult for people to communicate with each other and their businesses had problems, but with the invention of internet, people can communicate via skype. could. Facebook, Live Streaming etc and now people can do online banking, which has eliminated many problems for the businessmen. 

Technology will be faster, there will be more ability to achieve and everything will be more streamlined to make it easier to get things done. 

You will hear more and more about the “Internet of Things” now and in the future. The deeper we delve into technology, the more it seems we are trying to blend the physical and virtual worlds together. Or at least, he’ll be here sooner than you think. 

Technology is constantly changing and it takes a lot of effort to chase this ever-changing goal. 

Technical history is closely related to the history of science. Because technology uses resources, technological history is tightly linked to economic history. This ‘Li-Fi’ technology is a hundred times faster than Wi-Fi! Know what it is.

What is Advancing Technology? 

Advancing Technology 

Advance Technology Technology is dynamic; It keeps on improving as our needs and demands of technology keep on changing. We have moved from the Industrial Age (Industrial Revolution) to the Information Age. During the Industrial Age, companies with large capital had the ability to employ costly technical means to gain a competitive advantage; Small businesses had less capacity because they can’t the afford expensive manufacturing or processing technology equipment.

However, advancement in technology has created a new economic environment that depends on information, and which we call the ‘Information Age’. The information era offers a different work environment, and has helped small businesses to position themselves in highly competitive markets.

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How is technology affecting our lives?

Since the beginning of civilization, technology has changed – sometimes radically – the way people live, how businesses operate, how young people have grown up, and how people live in society from day to day. This includes aspects of social behavior such as communication, travel, learning, occupation, convenience and health. Technology has had both positive and negative effects on society in general, regardless of how drastic the effect was on human behavior. However, with technological advances, it has a negative impact. 

Positive impact of technology on society

 One aspect of technology that has had a great impact on society is that it has greatly influenced the way we learn. It has made learning more interactive and collaborative, helping people better engage with the material they are learning. Plus, it gives you better access to resources.

With the creation of the Internet, it gives us access to information on a round-the-clock rate and you have access to almost anything online. In addition, it allows the students to make the work easier. Students can take quizzes and exams more easily, and teachers being able to conduct classes online can be very effective. 

It helps students to sit for lectures and learn better than reading from textbooks. 

Another way technology has impacted society is through communication, how we talk and communicate with each other around the world. For example, there is email, social networking, you can FaceTime someone living on the other side of the world, and there is video conferencing where you can conference electronically. 

There are many innovative apps on the phone, though people watch their weight, how many calories they eat at any given time of day, heart rate and other health properties. Access to available treatments has increased, healthcare has changed that adds benefits for the elderly, and hospitals are using advanced technology within their surgical rooms.

Negative impact of technology on society

The reduction of fossil fuels, the need for more rare-earth elements, the use of rare elements such as gold, coltan and tantalum (as needed for modern electronics) – which have often helped fuel wars in mineral-rich continents and countries – and The burning of fuels potentially affecting global warming are all very real issues created by the increased use of technology.

One of the most troubling issues associated with the increased use of technologies is the depletion of natural resources, be it rare earth elements/minerals, food sources, or fossil fuels. Attendance is partly related to overexploitation of resources, but it results in more effective management being implemented. However, the increased use of technology has caused some health epidemics that were previously unheard of, including socially sedentary lifestyles (such as frequent sitting), excessive exposure to blue light from electronic devices, and constant exposure to EMFs, which can result in Have a chronic disease like immune system dysfunction.

Along with the scarcity of resources, one of the most notable negative effects of technology is the huge increase in pollution due to industrialization. This includes fossil fuel emissions, global warming, and cities around the world whose factories emit large amounts of solid and air pollution/waste, resulting in a large increase in the incidence of cancer and chronic disease.

What are the types of technology? 

Types and Examples of Technology 

We use technology to accomplish different tasks, so technology comes in different forms. Below I have listed some different types of technology that we use on a daily basis and in each type of technology I have included an example of that particular technology. 

1) Communication Technology

Communication is a daily necessity for all; It is used to express ideas, exchange information, and express feelings. Humans use communication technology devices such as phones, computers, email, fax or messaging tools to stay in touch with friends and family. 

Businesses use information technology in communication, to facilitate the flow of information in the workplace, to aid decision-making, to meet customer needs and requests, to promote new products or services to target consumers. To give and much more.

2) Construction Technology

It is the study of advanced methods and equipment used to manufacture basic and advanced structures. Construction methods use a variety of technological products to build a structure.

To create digital designs for structures in 2D and 3D formats, to use construction technology tools like heavy tractors to prepare the land. These tools along with many other tools help builders to get the completion done efficiently within budget and on time with minimum accidents. 

3) Assistive Technology

The word “assistant” means helping or providing an additional hand. Assistive technology is being used in many ways, it is used in schools to help students with autism learn better, it is used by people with disabilities.

In addition, with the use of speech recognition applications, those who are unable to type can become able to use a computer and much more. Due to advancements in technology, we have a variety of assistive technologies that help in accomplishing many tasks that might otherwise be considered impossible. Example of assistive technology – off-road wheelchair 

4) Medical Technology

It is the type of technology which is used to enhance and improve human life. Medical technology reduces the pain of the patient and cares for the injury. Developed countries have benefited from the use of medical technology in their healthcare systems, and this explains why people in developed countries live longer than people in developing countries.

Medical technology is used to diagnose infections, treat diseases, and research diseases affecting humans. 

5) Information Technology

Information technology is a set of hardware and software tools used to store, transfer and process information. Management information systems (MIS) involves planning the development, management and use of information technology tools to help knowledge workers and people perform all tasks related to information processing and management. Large financial institutions such as banks use information technology to operate their entire businesses as well as serve their customers. 

6) Entertainment Technology

This use of technology to improve the entertainment experience. Technology is used to make video games, develop music systems, and more. Entertainment technology includes video, sound, animation, scene creation, computer simulation, interactive environments and much more. 

7) Business Technology

Small businesses use technology to create new ways to compete with well-established companies. 

Example of commercial technology – 3D printer 

8) Educational Technology 

Education Technology aims to improve the performance of students by creating and managing various technological processes and resources in or outside the classroom. It is an academic discipline that prepares individuals to acquire a deeper understanding and knowledge.

It helps them to devise solutions to problems through learning, research, design, evaluation and use. Educational technology helps to improve the way we learn, some of the benefits of educational technology include: It motivates students and encourages individual learning. Easy access to educational material Helps students to learn new subjects and languages 

Can you live life without technology?

Technically we can live without technology. For most of us, technology is providing a lazy path through life. Now we don’t need to know how to do things like reading a map because Google Maps takes us to our exact destination.

Will go In fact soon, we won’t even need to learn how to drive because we’ll have self-driving cars. Yes, for most people, technology isn’t something we tend to rethink, but some people literally can’t live without technology – and that’s not accidental. Without technology your day would not be off to a good start!

So what would life be like without modern technology?

 After several hours of walking, you reach work, where you are faced with a similar situation. The technologies that permeate you in everyday life are missing. You would consider conducting a business by mail if it is still operating, but it will take a lot longer to get your correspondence where it needs to go.

Lunch will be the one that hasn’t spoiled yet. It seems like the whole workday has been washed away and reaching home is going to be just as difficult. Cooking dinner would be like camping. Your heart will be sad because you will realize that now it is not possible to stream movies in mobile. Evening entertainment will be limited to candlelight reading or playing an acoustic instrument. You’ll conclude that you’ll never want to go a day without technology again.

This is just a snapshot of what life would look like for a typical office worker without modern technology. It will not be easy for students struggling to complete their school work as universities will come to a standstill. And don’t forget that hospitals and airlines will have to close. To say that without technology our society would slow down in an uncontrollable way over the course of a day. Without technology, society would be at least 50 years behind.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of technology? 

Advantages and Disadvantages Technology is good because it simplifies the way we do things in our daily lives, however, if technology is implemented incorrectly, it can be harmful in many cases. So, let’s understand the advantages and disadvantages of technology today. 

Advantages Of Technology 

1. These are some great positives for both work and home life.

2. The increase in automation of manufacturing and many other jobs, thanks to computers, has meant greater efficiency, boring repetitive tasks now taking people down, and increased flexibility in work schedules. Many jobs can now be done remotely, thanks to the Internet, with many workers increasingly able to work from home as they please.

3. The information available now is astonishing. In theory, at least, access to the Internet would mean access to almost all of the world’s knowledge. With mobile devices becoming more and more powerful, we don’t even need to sit at a desk to access information.

4. The entertainment industry has experienced a revolution. The music and film industries have been democratized as artists are no longer relying on companies to fund and promote them, as they can do it themselves.

5. Science is benefiting massively from the lightning speed that computers can calculate and investigate complex questions that would take humans many lifetimes to answer. Computers have led to medical breakthroughs, chemical and astronomical discoveries.

6. We are becoming overwhelmed by the surplus of modern information, as modern technology bombards us with irrelevant emails, sales telephone calls, text messages, internet advertisements, etc. In order to save us time, new technology means that We expect the process to have more information and work more intensively.

7. Computer regulation and automation means that many devices and machines now operate much more efficiently and use less electricity, either because they are operating at the most efficient rate, or they automatically run when not in use. shut itself off. It provides benefits for the environment along with being a cost saver. 

The Disadvantages of Technology

1. Disadvantages of Technology: Human relations in the virtual world are reduced. As online social networking is reducing real face-to-face and physical contact, isolation can increase, as well as problems such as cyber-bullying, online stalking and cybercrime, which are related to the anonymity of the Internet.

2. Humans are becoming less and less valuable in the workplace as their roles are replaced by computers. Outsourcing means bigger profits for companies, but also declining wages and conditions and more unemployment for ordinary workers, especially in Western countries. It is impossible for multinational corporations to be controlled by individual nation states. 

3. Privacy issues have become huge, as it has become harder to control personal information in the digital and internet world. Financial statements can be hacked, explicit photos or videos posted on the web, allegations made against people’s characters, and personal identities stolen.

4. Intellectual property theft and theft have made it more difficult for creative people to make any money from their output. Media can be digitized and then distributed over the internet very easily and the process seems impossible to control. Ultimately this will lead to a decline in the artistic and creative quality as people do not have the time and money to pursue the projects. 

5.Modern societies are increasingly dependent on technology. Not only that, many basic services such as hospitals, power grids, airports, rail and road transport systems, and military security can now be knocked down by a cyberattack or a catastrophic failure. If technology was taken away overnight, humans would be almost helpless.

6. We are becoming overwhelmed by the surplus of modern information, as modern technology bombards us with irrelevant emails, sales telephone calls, text messages, internet advertisements, etc. In order to save us time, new technology means that We expect the process to have more information and work more intensively.

7. Technology brings with it all kinds of environmental problems. As well as machines and equipment often being built from toxic, or non-biogradable materials, most technologies require a power source, which can often mean increased electricity and fossil fuel consumption. 

8. There is a general dehumanizing effect of technology. Along with the workplace, the military is becoming increasingly more technological. An example is pilotless drone aircraft, which can strike and kill people with a controller many thousands of miles away.

 Frequently Asked Questions on Technology 
Is Technology Good or Bad? 

Technology isn’t inherently good or bad, it’s the culture we build around it and the way we use it. For example: VPNs, which can protect your privacy or – depending on the VPN – can harvest your data. With the right regulations, technologies built around data gathering can be used to improve lives.

How do you understand technology?

 Technology can be most broadly defined as those entities, both physical and non-material, that are created by the application of mental and physical effort to achieve something of value. In this usage, technology refers to tools and machines that can be used to solve real-world problems.

Want or need technology? 

Technology does not cause necessity; Rather, it is the effect of our ability to use technology to meet needs required by human circumstances or human choices. We should be aware of the effectiveness of technology, but we should also be aware of how effective we are in bringing technology into the world.

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